These are the most common type of conveyors. They are found in a wide range of applications such as factories, facilities, mines, but most commonly, in airports in baggage handling areas of the arrivals. Although conveyors come in various shapes and sizes, the basic mechanism behind a conveyor remains the same. Also, they are considered to be the most efficient system of material transport when it comes to the linear transport of material.
A conveyor belt is made from one or more layers of the top material. However, the most common design of a conveyor belt is having a top layer, the carcass, and the driving motor. The “carcass of the belt, as the name suggests, is the basic structure provider for the top layer. The carcass can be metallic or a fabric that is woven tightly. It also consists of two parts known as the ‘warp and the ‘weft,’ where the warp are the longitudinal chords that affect and define how elastic the belt will be. On the other hand, the weft is the cables that protect the belt conveyor from cuts and other such damage from rough physical use.
Materials such as steel, nylon, aramid fibers, polyester, and cotton are used for making a carcass. A high grade conveyor belt will likely have a steel carcass since it provides strength. However, that might turn out to be a trade-off in terms of flexibility. The top layer is made up of materials such as industrial grade rubber or plastic compounds, given that they are dependable when it comes to providing a stable and sturdy platform to the goods and capably handling their weight.
Belt conveyors are used for a wide range of purposes such as in retail and packaging for moving goods from one part of the facility to another without having to use any sort of vehicle or trolley-like facility. These conveyors are also used in mining to move rocks and big chunks of soil to the breaking facility where they are collected and broken down into pieces. Moreover, belt conveyors are used airport baggage handling systems as well for a hassle-free and smooth transportation of goods and luggage from one place to another. These conveyors are the most basic types of conveyors.
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